Articles Medicine

Traumatic Erythema

Definition and etiology Traumatic erythema occurs when a traumatic effect results in hemorrhage within the oral tissues.
Clinical features Traumatic erythema can present either as an ecchymosis or as a hematoma. Clinically, it appears as an irregular, usually flat, area with a bright or deep red color (Fig. 45). The lips, tongue, and buccal mucosa are the most common areas affected. The diagnosis is based on the history and the clinical features.

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[/alert] Differential diagnosis Hematomas due to anticoagulants, thrombocytopenia, thrombasthenia.

Treatment No treatment is required.

Fig. 45 Traumatic hematoma on the lower lip.

Fig. 45 Traumatic hematoma on the lower lip.